Prayagraj is one of the largest cities of Uttar Pradesh. It is also the judicial capital of Uttar Pradesh with Allahabad High Court being the highest judicial body in the state. It is situated at the confluence of three rivers- Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati which is called the Triveni Sangam. It is considered to be a very sacred place for Hindus.
Prayagraj has a population of 59,54,390 with the population density of 1,086 inhabitants per square kilometer. It has a sex ratio of 901 females for every 1000 males and the literacy rate of the district is 72.3%.
This city was originally known as Prayag where the earlier settlements of the Aryans were established. The historical and mythological characteristics of the city makes it the city of glorious past and present. The city has a mixed culture of Hindus, Muslims, Christians and Jains. The sanctity of prayagraj comes from it’s exclusive mention and honor in the Hindu mythology. Brahma Puran mentions the bathing in Prayagraj as very holy in the month of Magha at the bank of Ganga Yamuna.
Prayagraj was once known as the Vats country. It is surrounded by Bagelkand region in the south and southeast, Awadh region in the north and northeast, middle Ganges valley in its east and forms the Lower Doab region along with Kaushambi in its west. Prayagraj experiences the normal humid subtropical climate that is common to cities in north-central India. The plain lands of Prayagraj are situated between Ganga and Yamuna which makes the role of the rivers very important for agriculture.